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Israel aims to build its own upgradable quantum computer • The Register

Israel has selected a group of companies to help deliver a working quantum computer for the country’s commercial and research communities.

The Israel Innovation Authority announced a total budget of 200 million new Israeli shekels ($58 million), of which half is allocated for the construction of a Quantum Computing Center, which will be part of the Israel National Quantum Initiative (INQI ).

The center is expected to be operational within 12-18 months, initially with a functioning quantum system with “more than 50 qubits.”

In a statement, the Minister of Innovation, Science and Technology of Israel, Orit Farkash Hacohen, said that the construction of the Quantum Computing Center will be an important leap in the civil and technological stability of Israel as well as the industrial development in Israel.

Leading the quantum computing project is Quantum Machines, a Tel-Aviv-based startup that focuses not on trying to build quantum processors themselves, but on developing the hardware and software infrastructure needed to operate the quantum system.

Also included in the consortium of companies involved are Elbit Systems, an Israeli defense electronics company, with Netherlands-based QuantWare providing superconducting Quantum Processing Units (QPUs), ColdQuanta adding its quantum computing technology based on chilled atoms. , and ORCA Computing bringing its photonic quantum. memory technology.

The system will thus include three different quantum processing technologies initially.

Other members of the consortium include Germany-based ParTec AG, which supplies high-performance computing (HPC) infrastructure and services for the integration of HPC and quantum computing, while quantum development tools and benchmarking software will be provided by Classiq and

Quantum Machines said its technology, the Quantum Orchestration Platform, will be an integral part of the INQI system. The actual quantum computer itself will allow the use of different qubit technologies, with a component-based approach that will enable parts of the system to be upgraded to future quantum technologies.

This strategy is intended to ensure that the quantum computer developed for INQI can be updated to keep it on the cutting edge as quantum technology continues to evolve, rather than being locked into technology decisions made today. .

“The open architecture approach that Quantum Machines and our world-leading consortium partners can take, will ensure the compatibility of quantum technologies in the future,” said co-founder and CEO of Quantum Machines Itamar Sivan .

He added that the goal is to allow the quantum computer at the center to scale from tens of qubits today to potentially hundreds and thousands of qubits in the next few years.

“Our goal is to give Israeli companies access to the most advanced quantum technologies and services so they can develop deep quantum expertise across industry and academia. “said Sivan.

Matthew Brisse, vice president of research at Gartner, told us in an emailed statement: “We will see more of this as quantum begins to impact global business and national security from a defensive, offensive and potential for technological advantage. For example in May, the White House issued a National Security Memorandum to Promote United States Leadership in Quantum Computing while Reducing the Risks of Vulnerable Cryptographic Systems.” ®

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